The following topics are immediate subtopics of Arithmetic.

Term: Addition
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 Definition: Addition is a mathematical operation that represents combining collections of objects together into a larger collection. It is signified by the plus sign (+).

Term: Division
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 Last modified: over 2 years ago
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 Definition: Division is the inverse of multiplication, that is a/b = c if and only if bc = a and b is not zero.

Term: Estimate
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 Definition: A statement of the value of a quantity or function based on incomplete data or evidence, or on a rough or approximate calculation.

Term: Euclidean Algorithm
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 Definition: The Euclidean algorithm, also called Euclid's algorithm, is an algorithm for finding the greatest common divisor of two numbers a and b.

Term: Exponent
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 Definition: The exponent is the power given to a value.

Term: Fundamental Thm Of Arithmetic
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 Definition: Ever integer n>1 can be represented as a product of prime factors and this factorization can be done in only one way, apart from the order of the factors. This is also known as the Unique Facto...

Term: Integers Modulo M
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 Definition: The set Z_m = {0, 1, 2, … , m1} of integers of modulo m (corresponding to an mhour clock).

Term: Multiplication
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 Definition: Multiplication (often denoted by the cross symbol) is the mathematical operation of scaling one number by another.

Term: Subtraction
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 Last modified: over 6 years ago
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 Definition: Subtraction is one of the four basic binary arithmetic operations; it is the inverse of addition, meaning that if we start with any number and add any number and then subtract the same number we ad...

Term: Trichotomy Law
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 Last modified: over 2 years ago
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 Definition: Every real number is negative, 0, or positive. The law is sometimes stated as "For arbitrary real numbers a and b, exactly one of the relations a<b, a=b, a>b holds" (Apostol 1967, p. 20).